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What Is Macular Degeneration and How Is It Treated?

Macular degeneration is a very dangerous eye condition that attacks the part of your retina that provides central and detail vision. This part of the retina is called the macula, and its deterioration, with  the harm to your central and detail vision that comes with it, may make detailed work such as threading a needle or activities such as reading a book, very difficult or even impossible. 

Dr. Akshet Joshi of Optical Zone in Plano, Texas adds, “Macular degeneration is an extremely difficult eye condition. Those with macular degeneration may even have trouble recognizing faces of their closest friends and family, since the deterioration of your macula often makes blurry or blank spots in the middle a person's field of vision. Macular degeneration is all-too-easily overlooked, since it comes on slowly, and significant sight may have already been lost by the time a patient notices it on his/her own.”
Routine eye exams, especially after the age of 40 and for those with a family history of the disease, are absolutely essential for the kind of early detection and treatment which will ensure long term eye and vision health. During your exam, Dr. Joshi will examine your retina and macula for signs of irregularities that may signal macular degeneration. Retinal imaging is another example of advanced technology which allows Dr. Joshi to pick up early signs when not visible with direct examination. 
Two types of macular degeneration exist, dry and wet:
Dry Macular Degeneration is very common, and includes symptoms such as blurry distance and/or reading vision, colors seeming much less vivid and difficulty seeing in dim lighting. Macular degeneration that affects only one eye is often more difficult to detect without an eye exam. This is due to a normally beneficial and amazing property of the brain called elasticity, which allows your brain to compensate by filling in gaps in your bad eye with visual information obtained from your good eye. However, in this case, elasticity actually makes it harder to detect macular degeneration and may do more harm than good.
Wet Macular Degeneration is much more rare, and is considerably more dangerous because of its known tendency to worsen drastically in a remarkably short amount of time. Symptoms of this form of macular degeneration are similar to the dry form. You may also notice that straight lines seem to be bent or crooked.
No federally approved techniques exist to treat macular degeneration once it has already begun, and sight which is lost through damage caused by macular degeneration is not recoverable. This is why it is best to prevent macular degeneration altogether when possible. Many expert studies show a possible link between taking certain health supplements and reduced risk of macular degeneration. Vitamin C, Vitamin E and other healthy supplements may be proven to help reduce the risk of developing macular degeneration or of dry macular degeneration getting worse or developing into the wet form.
For more information, contact Dr. Akshet Joshi today!